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1st Highlights

Scripps Ocean Partnership: Rocky Seashore

As a continuation of their study of the tide pool habitat and its animals, students visit the rocky seashore to study the creatures up close.

Avian Life-Cycle Studies

As part of a scientific writing unit, first grade classes hatch ducklings in their classrooms. Students learn about many kinds of animals and their offspring, and they study the behavior and development of the ducklings in this hands-on writing unit!

Field Study: The Flower Fields

First graders visit the Flower Fields in Carlsbad to learn about plant life cycles, symbiotic relationships between plants and animals, and protecting the earth’s natural resources. Each student gets to plant their own seed to take home with them.

Audio Books Authoring

Students work in groups to do research on a topic of their choice. They then organize their information into sub-topics and create audio books to present their information.

Mission 120

To celebrate the 120th day of school (120 is an important number in first grade math standards), the first graders become “secret agents” and solve a math mystery! They collect clues and use the math skills they have developed throughout the year to crack the case!

Philanthropy: Senior Citizen Appreciation

In first grade we reach out to the elderly in our community in order to show students how much joy is brought to others through art. The first graders will make a place mat for a senior center to decorate their meal tables, they will decorate a picture frame for the elderly to enjoy in their rooms, and this year the first graders hope to visit the rest home to sing patriot songs to the seniors. First graders are spreading joy and love through their service!

First graders receive one hour of math instruction per day as well as two forty minute Math Plus (see below) sessions per week.  Students practice doing mathematics by solving problems and discussing how they solved them.  They plan a solution pathway and use concrete objects and drawings to work through their plan rather than jumping to a solution.  Whole number place value, comparison, addition and subtraction, as well as building an understanding of time, measurement, and geometry are among the key concepts covered in first grade.
Download the RSF Math Pathways chart

Units of Study
Unit 1    Understanding Ten Ones Make a Ten: Beginning Place Value Concepts and Counting Strategies
Unit 2    Add and Subtract within 20: Using Addition and Subtraction Strategies to Solve Word Problems
Unit 3    Measuring Time and Length and Representing Data
Unit 4    Exploring Numbers to 99: Using Place Value Understanding to Count and Compare Numbers
Unit 5    Extending Addition and Subtraction Strategies
Unit 6    Shapes and Fraction Concepts
Unit 7    Equations and Operations: Solving Addition and Subtraction Problems to 100 and Adding and Subtracting Multiples of 10

Math Plus
During Math Plus, students in 1st grade are afforded two additional forty-minute sessions of mathematics instruction weekly.  Math Plus is designed to provide students an authentic opportunity for mathematical problem solving that promotes mathematical reasoning, making mathematical connections and developing communication skills.  Mathematicians play differentiated math games that encourage strategic thinking, enhance number sense, and promote fluency while supporting concept development and mastery.

Math Intervention- 1st Grade
For students who require more support in mathematics in addition to their grade-level mathematics instruction, a mathematics teacher provides students with differentiated instruction during four thirty-minute sessions per week.  Students explore addition and subtraction concepts and increase fluency to build a foundation of mathematical understanding needed for continued progress.  The curriculum engages students in mathematical exploration of content through games, manipulative materials, and contexts that make abstract mathematical ideas accessible.

Workshop
The emphasis in math workshop is to provide students with the conditions supported by the most current research on mathematics instruction.  This instruction involves explicit teaching of skills and strategies, teacher modeling, and supported student practice.  Instruction follows a logical progression through the year and across grade levels.  Individual instruction is tailored to the learner based on the teacher’s ongoing assessment.  Our program emphasizes rigor: a balance of conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency, and application with equal intensity.  Instruction progresses through stages, from concrete to representational to abstract, to ensure students have a thorough understanding of the math concepts.  The elementary school mathematics curriculum focuses on developing critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.

Curriculum Resources
Fosnot
Rational Number Project
Eureka
MacMillan

Instructional Software Supports
ST Math
Compass Learning
Waggle™

First grade students receive 60 minutes of Reading Workshop instruction (see below) per day.  First grade readers work to become efficient and flexible word solvers, and strengthen the habits for helping themselves get unstuck.  As they move toward more complex texts, they’ll encounter more challenges in both literature and informational text. The first grade reading curriculum is designed to continue moving students up levels of text complexity through independent and guided practice. Readers are provided instruction in comprehension that turns their attention to meaning even as they build the skill of decoding. Readers engage in meaningful discussions with partners around characters and story elements in literature, as well as research in book clubs around nonfiction topics.

Units of Study

• Building Good Reading Habits
• Word Detectives Use All They Know to Solve Words
• Learning About the World: Reading Nonfiction
• Readers Get to Know Characters by Performing Their Books
• Readers Have Big Jobs to Do: Fluency, Phonics, and Comprehension
• Reading Across Genres to Learn About a Topic- Educreations Research project
• Meeting Characters and Learning Lessons: A Study of Story Elements
• Celebration: Studying Our Reading Lives and the Lives of Mentor Readers

Reading Workshop
The Reading Workshop is a teaching method in which the goal is to teach students strategies for reading and comprehension.  The workshop model allows teachers to differentiate and meet the needs of all their students.  Reading Workshop helps to foster a love of reading and gives students chances to practice reading strategies independently and with guidance.
– Mini Lesson: (10-15 minutes)
– Independent reading, conferring, small group instruction (35-40 minutes)
– Share (5 minutes)

Curriculum Resources:
Units of Study for Teaching Reading: A Curriculum for the Reading Workshop (Teachers College Reading and Writing Project, Columbia University)
Curricular Calendar for Reading K-8 (Teachers College Reading and Writing Project, Columbia University)

Instructional Software Support:
Compass Learning
Waggle

First Grade students receive 60 minutes of Writing Workshop (see below) instruction per day and 75 minutes of Word Study (see below) per week.  First grade writers progress considerably in their writing across the year. Students increase their volume and move with independence though the writing process, choosing an idea, planning their writing by sketching across the pages of a booklet, applying strategies to elaborate, and revising to bring more detail and clarity to their piece.  They have daily opportunities to write with their teacher, their peers, and on their own. Students learn to reflect on the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing as they share their written work. Students engage in a broad range of writing from focused personal narrative writing “Small Moments”, to opinion based book reviews, to informational “All About” books.

Units of Study
• Small Moments-Writing with Focus, Detail and Dialogue
• Writing Reviews
• Writing For Readers
• Nonfiction Chapter Books
• Opinion Writing: Persuasive Letters and Speeches
• Poetry and Songs
• Writing Like Scientists
• From Scenes to Series-Writing Fiction

Word Study
The emphasis in word study is to provide students with the conditions supported by the most recent research on phonics, spelling, and vocabulary instruction.  During the word study block students are placed in groups based on their developmental spelling stage.
Language:
In grade one, children learn many grammatical and usage conventions for writing and speaking. Conventions such as using commas in a series, and using frequently occurring adjectives are taught explicitly. Children have immediate opportunities to apply their knowledge in meaningful writing and speaking. They also find the application of written conventions in the texts they read. They learn that conventions enable better communication.
Spelling and Vocabulary:
In first grade, spelling is an important component of the ELA program. Children learn to employ their increasing knowledge of the alphabetic system to record their ideas. First graders progress from invented spelling to largely accurate use of spelling patterns such as consonant blends, digraphs and common long vowel spellings. Vocabulary is acquired largely through interactions with text. Students are taught how make sense of unknown words while reading through context as well as word parts. Teachers create environments that draw attention to interesting words and highlight the relationships among words.

Writing Workshop
This predictable structure provides a supportive environment in which new learning takes place. The workshop begins with a 10-15 minute “minilesson” in which the teacher introduces and explicitly teaches skills and strategies related to the unit of study. Students then move to independent writing time. During this time, teachers pull students 1:1 or in small groups providing individualized instruction. The workshop closes with a share of new learning, either whole class or with peers.

Curriculum Resources:
Words Their Way: Word Study for Phonics, Vocabulary, and Spelling Instruction (Edition 5 by Donald Bear, Marcia Invernizzi, Shane Templeton, Francine Johnston)
The Power of Grammar (Ehrenworth and Vinton)
More Prefixes and Suffixes: Teaching Vocabulary to Improve Reading
Comprehension (Trisha Callella)

Instructional Support Software:
Compass Learning
Waggle™

First grade students see a specialized science teacher for two sessions per week for hands-on lab work and additional instruction in four multi-week units that are aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).  In December First grade science students also participate in the Hour of Code during science class where they learn how computer code is structured and how machines interpret instructions using age-appropriate software tools.

Units of Study
• Waves: Sound and Light
• Environmental Science
• Structure and Function
• Space Systems

Students in grade one continue a more detailed treatment of the broad concepts of rights and responsibilities in the contemporary world. The classroom serves as a microcosm of society in which decisions are made with respect for individual responsibility, for other people, and for the rules by which we all must live: fair play, good sportsmanship, and respect for the rights and opinions of others. Students examine the geographic and economic aspects of life in their own neighborhoods and compare them to those of people long ago. Students explore the varied backgrounds of American citizens and learn about the symbols, icons, and songs that reflect our common heritage.

Curriculum Resources:
Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, California Communities.
Local History: Los Altos & Ohlones
Uses basic map reading skills correctly Identifies the continents and ocean of the world Knows local history.

Spanish is in the Enrichment Wheel and takes place twice per week for 12 weeks.   This class is designed to expose students to the Spanish language, which will enable them to move more quickly and confidently through the foundational elements of the middle school Spanish program should they elect to take Spanish at this level.

TPRS (Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling) is the primary method used with K-5 students. TPRS involves a mixture of reading and storytelling activities, which exposes students to the most high frequency vocabulary and grammar used in the Spanish language. The course also employs the TPR (Total Physical Response) method, which uses songs, interactive activities, writing, and the combination of language and physical movement to teach vocabulary, expressions and culture.

The Wheel
Students in grades K-5 participate in a wide range of enrichment activities throughout the year by way of a rotation called the “Elective Wheel” comprised of art, computer technology, drama, music, and Spanish.  Each student has two sessions per week and progresses through a six-week rotation in each of the enrichment disciplines.

First Grade students receive physical education instruction concentrating on development of eye-hand coordination, fine and gross motor skills, and ability to cooperate/participate in organized games. A P.E. specialist works with the children twice per week.

Units of Study
Body Management
Locomotor Movement
Manipulative Skills
Rhythmic Skills
Movement Concepts
Fitness Concepts
Aerobic Capacity
Muscular Strength/Endurance
Flexibility
Body Composition
Assessment
Self-Responsibility
Social Interaction
Group Dynamics

Curriculum Resources:
http://www.sparkpe.org/

First grade students receive music instruction as a component of the Elective Wheel (see below).  They are also encouraged to participate in the K-3 Choir outside of school hours- more info at Arts Home.

The Wheel
Students in grades K-5 participate in a wide range of enrichment activities throughout the year by way of a rotation called the “Elective Wheel” comprised of art, computer technology, drama, music, and Spanish.  Each student has two sessions per week and progresses through a six-week rotation in each of the enrichment disciplines.

First grade students receive drama instruction as a component of the Enrichment Wheel (see below).  They are also encouraged to participate in the Jr. Theater program outside of school hours- more info at Arts Home.

The Wheel
Students in grades K-5 participate in a wide range of enrichment activities throughout the year by way of a rotation called the “Elective Wheel” comprised of art, computer technology, drama, music, and Spanish.  Each student has two sessions per week and progresses through a six-week rotation in each of the enrichment disciplines.

First grade students receive computer technology instruction as a component of the Enrichment Wheel (see below).

The Wheel
Students in grades K-5 participate in a wide range of enrichment activities throughout the year by way of a rotation called the “Elective Wheel” comprised of art, computer technology, drama, music, and Spanish.  Each student has two sessions per week and progresses through a six-week rotation in each of the enrichment disciplines.

First grade students receive art instruction as a component of the Enrichment Wheel (see below).

The Wheel
Students in grades K-5 participate in a wide range of enrichment activities throughout the year by way of a rotation called the “Elective Wheel” comprised of art, computer technology, drama, music, and Spanish.  Each student has two sessions per week and progresses through a six-week rotation in each of the enrichment disciplines.

First grade students are eligible to participate in the Jr. FLL (Jr. First Lego League) after school program.  Using LEGO ‘WeDo’ kits, 1st grade students learn the basic principles of simple machines and use these principles to discover how to build simple mechanisms. In addition, they learn the basic principles of computer programming.

More at RSF Robotics Home

Faculty

Phone: 858-756-1141